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The dog bit: only real with 42 teeth


The dog bit differs in some respects from that of humans, but also shows similarities. Also fur noses are initially born without teeth, then they have milk teeth and ultimately the permanent dog's teeth. Learn more about the dog's teeth here. The dog bit is a perfectly coordinated system of different teeth - Shutterstock / cynoclub

Most dog breeds have a so-called scissor bite, in which the teeth mesh like a pair of scissors. Some breeds, including several breeds of herding dogs, have pliers teeth in which the incisors meet like a pair of pliers and do not overlap. The dog's bite is vital for the four-legged friend - the "prey" must be able to be caught and chewed with it. This is why dental care for dogs is particularly important - brushing your teeth and eating properly can help maintain dog teeth.

This is how the dog's teeth develop

The puppy's milk teeth break through in the third to sixth week of life, in total dogs have 28 milk teeth in succession, including 2 fangs, 6 incisors and 6 molars in the upper and lower jaw. The tooth change then takes place between the fourth and seventh month of life. The milk teeth are replaced by the permanent teeth. The timing of the change of teeth also depends on the breed of dog - it is usually completed earlier for large breeds than for smaller four-legged friends. After the change, the dog has more teeth in its mouth than before, namely 42 and thus 10 more than humans.

Dog teeth usually have 42 teeth

The permanent bit of the dog normally has 42 teeth, divided into 2 fangs, 6 incisors and 12 molars in the upper jaw and 2 fangs, 6 incisors and 14 molars in the lower jaw. The teeth of dogs differ in many ways from those of humans. The fangs or canines are very strongly developed in the dog's teeth. The molars have relatively small occlusal surfaces and have several tips that can also be used to shred bones. The tooth in the upper jaw called the fang is the largest tooth. Also different from us humans: The jaw joint from our animal partners hardly allows lateral chewing movements.

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That's what the individual dog teeth are for

The different dog teeth all have different tasks. The fangs are used by dogs, as the name suggests, to catch or grab and hold onto the prey when hunting. The incisors help the dog gnaw the meat off bones. In the dog's teeth, the molars are getting bigger from front to back - they are there to cut up and crush the food. The largest and most important tooth is the fang, which can be used to cut larger pieces and even bones.